Mayor: Edi Rama
Area: 41.8 sq km
Location: 41 ° 19 ‘N 19 ° 49′ E
Height: of 110 m above sea-level
• population: 616 396
• density: of 14 746 km ²
• metropolitan: area 895 042
No area code: +355 (0) 4
License plates: TR
- Lithuania Vilnius (Lithuania)
- Turkey Ankara (Turkey)
- Greece Athens (Greece)
- Turkey Bursa (Turkey)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Tirana (Tiranë or Tirana alb.) – The capital and largest city of Albania (616.4 thous. Inhabitants). It lies on three rivers: Lane, Tiranë and Tërkuzë. It is the largest industrial center and cultural center of the country. The flourishing industry, the city experienced in the 50s Twentieth century in the city there are 7 universities, the major one being founded in 1957 Tirański University. The main monument is the mosque of the city Etehem Bey of the eighteenth century. You will also find the National Theatre and Opera and Ballet Theatre. 17 km to the northwest of the airport is situated Rinas them. Mother Teresa. Mayor Edi Rama is.
The date of establishment of Tirana is considered year 1614. Then Suleiman Pasha Bargjini put a number of public buildings. In the seventeenth century, the city became a center of trade, but never really gained greater economic significance. Tirana became the capital of Albania, February 8, 1920 year under the decision of the interim government, established by Congress in Lushnje. The city had a population of just 17 000 inhabitants. From that moment began its development. 30 March 1939, Tirana was, like the rest of the country, occupied by Italy. November 17, 1944 after fierce fighting between the communists supported by locals and the Nazi forces, the town was liberated. Shortly thereafter, in the city was a communist government headed by Enver Hoxha. In 1957 he founded in Albania’s first university, the University Tirański. At the turn of the 80s and 90 by the city of a wave of violent demonstrations that eventually led to the collapse of the communist regime in 1991.
Tirana is 110 m above sea level,
The average July temperature is 24 ° C, and Jan. 7 ° C
Annual average rainfall is 1200 mm.
In Tirana, lives 518 143 people (December 2003), of which 257 550 were women and 260 593 are men.
There are 18 103 unemployed people.
The town has a railway station of Tirana.
[gweather city="Tirana" country="AL" temp="C" credit=0]
[gweather city="Tirana" country="AL" temp="F" credit=0]